This talk will provide two case studies of human-robot interaction (HRI) in the aftermath of the Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami based on personal experience: the aerial vehicle used with the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear emergency and the use of unmanned marine vehicles to assist with recovery operations north of Sendai. The Center for Robot-Assisted Search and Rescue (USA) assisted the Westinghouse Honeywell T-Hawk UAV team contracted by TEPCO to assess the four Fukushima Daiichi reactors. In cooperation with the International Rescue System Institute (Japan), CRASAR conducted participatory research with marine unmanned systems for remote assessment and situation awareness for critical infrastructure inspection, victim recovery, and debris mapping for economic recovery. The case studies and use patterns of other robots reported in the literature indicate that the applications are formative remote presence tasks in GPS-denied or GPS-don't care environs, designs treat autonomy as all or nothing, operators do not have sufficient situation awareness to accomplish basic tasks, platforms do not "black box" information that could be used to better analyze and design better interfaces, and operators do not trust the systems. Extensive video will be shown.
Robin Roberson Murphy is the Raytheon Professor of Computer Science and
Engineering at Texas A&M and directs the Center for Robot-Assisted
Search and Rescue and its Roboticists Without Borders program. She holds
a B.M.E. in mechanical engineering, a M.S. and Ph.D in computer science
in 1980, 1989, and 1992, respectively, from Georgia Tech. She has over
100 publications in artificial intelligence, robotics, and human-robot
interaction, primarily focused on disaster response and experiences at
15 disasters worldwide. She is a Fellow of the IEEE and serves on numerous
governmental boards, including the Defense Science Board, and a recipient
of the Motohiro Kisoi Award in rescue engineering.
Prof. Robin R. Murphy
Center for Robot-Assisted Search and Rescue, Texas A&M University
Human-Robot Interaction Lessons from Unmanned Vehicles at Fukushima and
Tohoku Tsunami Response
15:05-15:55, Monday, July 16, 2012